Understanding IDV- Amount you can claim for vehicle damage

When you buy a motor insurance policy for your vehicle, do you ever consider the IDV offered by the policy?

Very few of you do. When buying or renewing motor insurance policies, the first thing which most of you consider is the premium charged by the policy. Some of you also consider the coverage offered, available riders, discounts and other aspects of the policy but the IDV is, usually, given a miss. The most common reason why IDV is ignored is because many of you don’t understand the concept and its relevance in your motor insurance policy. But ignoring IDV is a bad move. It is important at the time of a claim made under the policy. Do you know how? Let’s understand –

What is IDV in motor insurance policies?

Simply put, IDV, Insured Declared Value, is the maximum liability undertaken by the insurance company with respect to your vehicle. It represents the value of your vehicle in the eyes of the company. IDV is the maximum amount of claim which the insurance company would pay in case your vehicle is stolen or it suffers a total loss. You can call the IDV to be the sum insured of your motor insurance policy.

How is IDV calculated?

As stated earlier, IDV is the value of your vehicle as calculated by the insurance company. The company calculates the IDV based on the market value of the vehicle after deducting depreciation based on the vehicle’s age. The actual formula for calculating IDV is as follows –

IDV = the listed price of the vehicle as per the manufacturer – depreciation specified in the Indian Motor Tariff

The listed price is also called the ex-showroom price of the vehicle and it excludes the cost of registration, insurance and other loadings.

Moreover, if the vehicle is fitted with additional accessories the costs of which are not included in the listed price, IDV would also include the value of such accessories after depreciation. In such cases, IDV would be calculated as follows –

IDV = (the listed price of the vehicle as per the manufacturer – depreciation specified in the Indian Motor Tariff) + (value of additionally fitted accessories – depreciation on them)

The rate of depreciation applicable for calculating the IDV is as follows –

Age of the vehicle Applicable depreciation
Up to 0.5 years 5%
0.5 years to 1 year 15%
1 year to 2 years 20%
2 years to 3 years 30%
3 years to 4 years 40%
4 years to 5 years 50%

If the vehicle is more than 5 years old, the IDV is settled based on its condition, serviceable parts available in the market and a mutual understanding between the insurance company and the policyholder.

Importance of IDV

The importance of IDV is felt at the time of claim. Since it is the maximum liability undertaken by the insurer, IDV is paid in the following instances of claim –

In these three cases of claims, the insurance company pays the IDV applicable under the policy. So, having the correct IDV in the insurance policy would determine the settlement of claim and is, therefore, important.

IDV and motor insurance premium

Since IDV represents the value of the vehicle, it is directly proportional to the premium of the policy. This means that if the IDV is high, the premium would be high and vice-versa.

Choosing the correct IDV of the motor insurance plan

Since IDV determines the premiums of the motor insurance policy, many of you are tempted to opt for lower IDVs when buying the plan. You should not do so. Choosing the correct IDV is important because IDV not only affects your insurance premium, it also affects your insurance claim. If you choose an IDV which is considerably lower than the market value of your vehicle, you would end up getting a very low claim if the vehicle is stolen or completely damaged. The claim would not be sufficient to pay for a replacement vehicle and might cause a financial strain. That is why it becomes imperative to choose an IDV which is closest to the market value of your vehicle after factoring in depreciation.

That said, choosing a very high IDV is also bad. If you go for very high IDVs, you would end up paying unnecessarily high premiums for your policy.

So, be careful when selecting the IDV of your policy. It should be ideal, not more and, definitely, not less.

The next time you compare your car insurance or bike insurance policies to buy or renew your plan, make sure to factor in the IDV offered too besides considering premiums and coverage features. Having the right IDV is equally important as paying the right premium and you should, therefore, make sure to choose the most optimal IDV for your vehicle.

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Read more Car insurance terminologies you should know

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10 thoughts on “Understanding IDV- Amount you can claim for vehicle damage

  1. Is there any deduction that the insurance company will deduct from the IDV in case of total loss of the car. If yes why is it being deducted as the IDV calculated after depreciation?

    1. Yes, there will be a deduction from the IDV, in case of total loss claim.
      The deduction depends upon the age of the vehicle, damages on the vehicle and current market value of the vehicle and decided by the Insurance company claim department.
      IDV is calculated after depreciation for policy Issuance purpose.

      1. Then what is purpose of IDV?
        The insurance teams are deciding idv value, and they are saying this is the current value of my vehicle.. then how can they deduct from it?

  2. Dear Sir
    I have owner of Baleno Car, which met and accident and the damages of car calculated near about 2.75 lakh which is less than 75% my vehicle model is Baleno Delta Petrol , June 2016. The IDV value of may car is 4.11 lakh which means 3.8 lakh (75%of IDV). Mistakenly I have kept lower IDV of my vehicle on the time of taking on line policy from HDFCergo. Now the Insurance company is forcing me for total loss of car while my car is not in condition for total loss.
    Please Help out me in this regards
    Thanking you

    1. Dear Sir, as per Insurance companies terms and conditions the claim will be payable on Mentioned IDV in the active policy, and if exceeds 75% then the claim will be treated as a Total loss.

  3. Sir,
    I own a Ciaz sigma make of 2017 and IDV value on insurance policy was 7.86 lakh. The car got damaged in an accident in 11th month and workshop has given a report that 6.80 lakh is needed for repair of the car, which is 85%of IDV. Now the insurance company is saying that they will pay 6.80 Lakhs and hand over the car salvage to me. But as per my knowledge the insurance company should sell the salvage and payment may be made in single payment.
    Now my question is
    1.What will be the exact amount I can get from said IDV?
    2. Should I accept the offer of 6.8 lakhs and salvage of the car?
    Please help.

    1. Hi Dhruba,
      1) Once wen vehicle is total loss the insurance company only offer 70% of the idv.
      2) You should accept the offer.

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