What is challan?

A challan is an official paper that is issued to the motor vehicle driver who violates the traffic rules and regulations in India. When a traffic challan is being issued in your name it implies that you are responsible to pay the penalty depending on the type of offence made by you as per the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988. The traffic police department is having the right to issue a challan to any driver who does not follow the traffic rulebooks while driving.

With the increasing number of accidents in India as traffic guidelines are not getting followed, challan has become quite a common concept. Therefore, keeping in mind, the necessity of adhering to the traffic rule, to make sure that a driver does not violate any traffic rule and also to safeguard the security and safety of others on the road, traffic challan has been brought into the picture.

What is e-challan?

Since everything is on an electronic platform, the concept of e- challan system has been introduced. A vehicle e challan is a computer-generated challan used by the Traffic Police and is being issued to all the traffic defaulters in India. The Government of India has initiated this process to make the traffic services convenient, easy as well as transparent to the general public.

Also, with e- challan system effective and strong monitoring of the traffic violators becomes easy for the traffic police. In the age of digitalization, traffic defaulters will be able to now pay e-challan either online or offline, depending on the facility given by their city or state. E- challan system has been introduced to avoid cash transactions so that everything is very clear and transparent. The government of India has also introduced Traffic eChallan, which is an application and is combined with web portal applications which are namely Vahan and Sarathi. These two applications offer many benefits and features which cover all the main aspects of the Administration System. The traffic e challan can be paid both online as well as by the traffic violators.

Traffic violations for which you might get an e-challan:

There are multiple reasons when an e-challan could be issued by the traffic policemen like:

  • Violations of traffic rules,
  • Jumping red lights,
  • Travelling without a valid ticket,
  • Refusal to share information when asked,
  • Driving an unauthorised vehicle,
  • Driving without a valid license,
  • Over-speeding beyond the specified speed limit,
  • Drunk driving,
  • Driving without a valid insurance policy,
  • Causing traffic obstruction, etc.

How does e-challan work?

Well, with the advancement in technology, the online solution is coming up for many aspects in our daily life. E- challan system is one of the biggest examples. Now let us see how it works for you to understand it better. CCTV cameras are installed on the main roads that record and track the footage of the continuous traffic all the time. If you are found guilty of not obeying any traffic regulation, then the traffic police will see the footages of the offence from the respective CCTV and record the same in their books, get the details like name, full address, contact number, vehicle details of your vehicle from the RTO office. An SMS will be sent to you notifying you about the fault committed and the amount of fee which needs to be paid. Traffic police are given the swiping machines for them to generate and print the vehicle e challan instantly to the traffic violators. This e- challan system makes the payment process also smoother as the fine is mostly collected on the spot itself. The defaulter is then issued a receipt confirming that the payment has been received. The entire process is explained below:

  1. The CCTV footage captures the defaulter. The Enforcement Officer gets the details of the defaulter with the Registration and the driving license number from Vahan and Sarathi database and chooses the offence committed
  2. A message will be sent to the offender’s registered cell number. The fine amount is calculated automatically as per the offence and the Enforcement Officer then takes a print out of the traffic e challan with all the necessary details and gives the same to the offender
  3. The defaulter is allowed to pay online by scanning the QR code received or can make cash payment at the RTO office or can deposit cash at onsite.

How to pay vehicle e challan?

After a vehicle e challan is being issued to you, you need to pay the fine to avoid further legal hassles. There are two ways by which you can pay traffic in India, one is online and the other is offline. Let us now understand the online method of paying a vehicle e challan. The process flow for vehicle e challan is explained below for your benefit:

  1. Online Process:
    The online process to pay your vehicle e challan is the easiest and the simplest way to make the payment in case you have got a challan for disobeying the traffic laws. All you need to do is follow the mentioned steps and make a payment online.

    1. You need to go to the official site of the respective state transport website
      To cite an example- West Bengal Transport has the official website  http://transport.wb.gov.in/ where you can pay the charges if you are residing anywhere in West Bengal
    2. You need to choose the option of paying violation fines for the appropriate offence like charges for no parking, not wearing a seatbelt, not wearing a helmet and many others
    3. You can then select the related offence and fill in the essential details accordingly
    4. You will have to give your vehicle registration number or the parking violation label number etc if this information is known to you
    5. You will then have to enter the details and the present unsettled amount
    6. Then you can make an online payment with your debit or credit card and by providing the necessary details of the card, validate it through a random Captcha code and then click “submit” in order to proceed further
    7. Thus, after your payment is done, you will get a receipt for payment of the same
    8. You can make your vehicle e challan payment through e-wallets like Paytm as well
    9. After the payment is successfully processed, you will receive an SMS confirming about your payment for the vehicle e challan
  • Offline Process
    The offline process is also very simple and easy. But the online process saves your time and energy and hence you would not want to go physically and pay the fine. But it is always good to know about the process in case you need to follow the same any day.

    1. In the offline process, you can pay your vehicle e challan at any nearest traffic police station to your residence
    2. Documents that you need to carry are the traffic violation letter in case you have received the same along with your driving license
    3. In case you did not receive the traffic violation letter, you can request the Traffic Police Officer to check on your earlier dues if there are any, so that you can pay all the fines at once
    4. The traffic officers can retrieve all data from their smartphones wherein he would be able to see the details of your earlier dues as well
    5. It is judicious to pay the fine immediately and certainly not keeping the same pending to have a hassle-free driving.

Always follow the traffic rules and never violate any traffic regulations, else you will be issued vehicle e challanfor the offence made by you. Why go for the same? Instead, diligently follow all traffic directives and make sure all your you are driving safely, as when you are driving, it’s not just your safety, but you are responsible for other drivers and pedestrian’s safety as well. Always remember, driving is exciting but it comes with some responsibilities as well, so drive well and drive safely.


FAQ’s

The traffic rules are very strict nowadays. There are legal consequences if you are not paying the e challan penalty within the timeline. If you do not pay the same because of any reason, a summon is sent to your residential address as a license holder from the court where you will be called and questioned to clarify in front of the judge upon violation of the traffic rules. If you do not visit even after you have been called by the court and do not pay the traffic e- challan, then your driving license will be suspended.


There are certain thumb rules which if you follow, you can avoid paying for the vehicle e challan. Below are those:

  1. Rule Number 1: Alwaysbe punctual which means to start on or before time to avoid the peak hours so that you do not face the peak traffic and the anxiety
  2. Rule Number 2: You must follow all traffic rules without fail. In reality, it becomes difficult at times to follow the rules but as the proverb says “prevention is always better than cure” and it is much better to be safe than being sorry later
  3. Rule Number 3: All vital documents and relevant papers like the vehicle’s RC, car insurance papers, PUC needs to be kept up to date by you in the vehicle
  4. Rule Number 4: You need to follow all the 3 rules as mentioned above

There are certain very simple steps which you will have to follow. Below are the same:

  1. You need to visit the state’s transport department official website
  2. You will then have to go to the option “Check Challan Status’ on the right side and tap on the “Check Challan Status’
  3. You will have to fill in details as required and you can see the challan status and you can proceed accordingly

Yes, the e-challan system is operational in most of the states and cities in India.


No, you are not allowed to pay traffic challan through your bank’s internet banking portal.


You will have to make vehicle e challan payment within 15 days from the issuance date. If you do not pay the required fee within 15 days, you will then have to pay a late fine of INR 10. And if the challan is still not paid for an extended time, then your state transport department might take a severe action against you.