Aadhaar, a 12-digit unique number issued by the UIDAI- Unique Identification Authority of India to any person irrespective of gender and age. The Individual has to furnish his or her demographic information and biometric data like fingerprints, iris scan and photograph during the enrolment method free of charge. Enrolling is a one-time activity and also is voluntary. Aadhaar card’s distinctiveness eliminates duplicates and incorrect individualities and helps the government to have strong governance. Another key usage of Aadhaar is you can get several benefits and rebates. Globally also, the introduction of Aadhaar is a great initiative and an achievement towards the digital India step.
Is the Aadhaar card mandatory?
With Aadhaar coming into our lives, one inevitable question remains: is the Aadhaar card mandatory? The answer to this question is not easy and is complex in nature as there is quite a lot of uncertainty in this matter. Top legal courts in India have passed many verdicts for the statement as well as against the compulsion of having an Aadhar for availing different services and rebates.
There are many service providers where it’s mandatory to provide any Proof of Identity like booking tickets in railways, flight, booking of hotel and many more. Even though there are several substitutes for giving the identity proof, the Aadhaar card has become the most demanded and popular proof of identity or POI due to its full proof capturing of biometric and demographic data individually and therefore the chances of frauds and duplications stand almost nil.
Aadhar is now considered as a tool of legal proof almost in all private and public organizations, government establishments, banking sector, education tourism, etc. It is not only used as a proof of identity but used as proof of address as well. But, the main concern which is there is whether an Aadhar cardis an Aadhaar card mandatory for taking a gas connection, for EPF claiming, filing the ITR, applying for a ration card, or a passport or even for a PAN Card application.
Let us see how the legal aspect of the topic is Aadhaar card mandatory
The Supreme Court of India has declared that Aadhar card cannot be made compulsory for now by the Indian Government. The court has added that for some instances, the Government will be allowed to make the Aadhaar card compulsory for example for the opening of an account in a bank, for submitting IT returns, authentication of cell numbers and for putting an application for PAN card. After many legal arguments and meetings, Aadhar card has been made essential for many schemes launched by the government to minimize the misapplication of funds and bribery. Nowadays for many government arrangements, Aadhaar cards are mandatorily needed to be submitted by the recipients for validating their rightfulness. Maximum grants are paid directly into the beneficiaries’ bank account which is linked with their Aadhar.
Now that you have understood the legal as well as the general aspect of is Aadhaar card mandatory, we will take you through the few other critical aspects of an Aadhaar card.
Reasons to apply for an Aadhaar card
There are manifold reasons why you must apply for an Aadhaar card and the same are listed below for your reference:
Point to note here that presently, Aadhaar is not compulsory for marriage registration, however, it may be given as identity proof.
A brief of the Aadhaar Project
The Indian Government together with UIDAI started the Aadhaar Project in the year 2006 for providing a unique identity to every resident in India. Such a project aimed to create an exclusive social identity for all Indian citizens and to empower the people of India with a distinct identity and a digital stage for authentication anytime and anywhere. Therefore, many times the Aadhaar card is also denoted as a UID card or Unique Identification Number that was issued by UIDAI under the specific scheme named Aadhaar Project. This card can be used universally at all places in India and is an all-purpose card. As per the reports, 1.12 Billion Aadhar cards have been already issued to the residents of India.
Applications where Aadhaar is now a mandatory requirement
Aadhar card is a mandatory prerequisite for several places and for many classes of applications which can be listed as below:
Safety & security of Aadhaar Card (how biometric makes everything more secure
The main cause for the Aadhaar card to gain acceptance is that there is extensive use of UID numbers all over the country. Most importantly, capturing the biometric data of an individual in an Aadhaar document with your fingerprints, iris scan, etc. has been able to create that distinctiveness or uniqueness. Moreover, the biometrics are encoded the moment you place your finger on the fingerprint sensor and this encrypted information is sent to UIDAI for authentication. From a legal point of view, regulation number 17(1)(a) of the Aadhaar Authentication Regulations 2016, stringently forbids any service provider including all the mobile phone companies, banks, etc from storage, sharing or printing the finger-prints for any cause and neither they can hold any such copies of the fingerprints and other data. Any violation of this rule is a punishable offence as per the Aadhaar Act 2016. Hence, an Aadhaar is absolutely safe and secure and there is no need to be apprehensive about the security aspect.
Furthermore, taking into account the countless benefits and utilities of an Aadhar card, it makes sense that you apply for the card without any worries. This card will undoubtedly be valuable and beneficial in terms of security and identity purposes, thereby enabling speedy and increase the effectiveness in the application processes. And even though
Yes. All individuals residing in India together with the Foreigners and the NRI’s are entitled to apply for Aadhaar. The applicant needs to be an Indian resident.
Aadhaar might be deactivated in many situations. Aadhaar with varied or incorrect biometric data or numerous names may get deactivated. The card can also be deactivated because of non-usage for three successive years.
Yes. Linking Aadhaar with your insurance policy is compulsory as per the Prevention of Money-laundering. Second Amendment, 2017.